New Education Policy was launched on July 29, 2020. The new academic session will begin in September-October – the delay is due to the unprecedented coronavirus disease (Covid-19) outbreak – and the government aims to introduce the policy before the new session.
With an emphasis on Early Childhood Care and Education, the 10+2 structure of school curricula is to be replaced by a 5+3+3+4 curricular structure corresponding to ages 3-8, 8-11, 11-14, and 14-18 years respectively.
The new system will have 12 years of schooling with three years of Pre schooling.
The design consists of 4 stages of this education system is Foundational, Preparatory, Middle, and High school.
Students between the ages of 3-8 years will be part of this stage. It will be split into two i,e. 3 years of preschooling and two years in Grades 1-2. It consists of play/activity-based learning. It will also focus on good behaviour, personal and public hygiene, teamwork, and cooperative learning exercises.
Students in the formative age group of 8-11 years studying in grades 3 to 5 will form this group. This Stage will transition gradually from play-based learning to more formal but interactive classroom learning, with the introduction of some new subjects. Emphasis will be on subjects like reading, writing, speaking, physical education, art, languages, science, and mathematics.
Widening the scope of learning the students of grades 6-8 between ages 11-14 will be introduced to more abstract concepts in subjects like the sciences, mathematics, arts, social sciences, and humanities.
The last stage is for understudies between 14-18 years. This stage consists of two sub-stages covering grades 9 and 10 in the first phase and grades 11 and 12 in the second. This stage will comprise of four years of multidisciplinary study, with greater depth, greater critical thinking, greater attention to life aspirations, and greater flexibility and student choice. The High School Stage may also allow exposure to more subjects and enable greater flexibility.
This policy aims to transform India into a vibrant knowledge society making both school and college education more holistic, flexible, multidisciplinary, suited to 21st century needs, and aimed at bringing out the unique capabilities of each student.