Published on September 6, 2020

Flag Code of Indian National Flag


A national flag is a flag that represents and symbolises a given nation which is flown by the government of the nation and as well as by its citizens.

History Behind Indian National Flag

  • The National Flag of India was adopted in its present form on 22nd July 1947 during the meeting of Constituent Assembly.
  • It served as the national flag of Dominion India between 15th August 1947 and 26th January 1950 and that of the Republic of India thereafter.
  • The Tricolour was Designed by Pingali Venkayya.

Evolution of Indian National Flag

First National Flag

The first National Flag said to have been hosted on August 7, 1906, in the Parsee Bagan Square (Green Park) in Calcutta now Kolkata.

Second National Flag

The second National flag was hoisted in Paris by Madame Cama in 1907.

Third National Flag

  • Went up in 1947 when the political struggle had taken a definite turn.
  • Dr Annie Besent and Lokmanya Tilak hoisted during the home rule movement.

Forth National Flag

  • Showcased during the All India Congress Committee in 1921 at Andhra Pradesh (Vijayawada).
  • The spinning wheel symbolized the progress of the nation.
  • Forth national flag and forbear of the present one.
  • Adopted in 1931.
  • Battle ensign of Indian national army.

Present Tricolour Flag

  • On July 22nd 1947 the constituent assembly adopted it as free India national flag.
  • Dharma Charkha of Emperor Ashok was adopted in place of spinning wheel.

Flag size Length and width in millimetres
1 6300 × 4200
2 3600 × 2400
3 2700 × 1800
4 1800 × 1200
5 1350 × 900
6 900 × 600
7 450 × 300
8 225 × 150
9 150 × 100

Flag Code of India 2002

  • Emblems and Names Act 1950 (perfection of improper use).
  • Prevention of insult to national honour Act 1971.

The flag code brings together all such laws, conventions, practices and instructions. It is divided into three parts:

Part I: General Description of the National Flag

  1. It should be a tri-colour panel made up of three rectangular panels of equal width colours saffron, white and green from up to down.
  2. The white colour panel contains navy blue coloured Ashoka Chakra.
  3. The flag supposes to be made with the help handspun or handwoven in silk or khadi material.
  4. The length and width ratio of the flag should be 3:2.

Part II: Hosting/Display/Use of national flag by members of the public, private organization, educational institutes etc.

  • It should not be used for commercial purposes.
  • It should not be dipped in salute to any person.
  • The lettering of any kind shall not be put upon the flag.
  • It should not be used to cover the speaker's desk.
  • It should not be intentionally showed to touch the ground or floor or tail in the water.
  • It should not be used for draping over the hood, top, sides or back of a vehicle, boat, trail or aircraft.
  • whenever the national flag is displayed it should occupy the position of honour and should be distinctly placed.
  • A damaged flag should not be displayed.
  • It should not be flown from a single masthead simultaneously with any other flag when the Flag is displayed on speaker's platform it should be flown on the speaker's right as he faces the audience or flat against the wall, above and behind the speaker.
  • a damaged Flag shall be destroyed as a whole in private, preferably by burning or by any other method consistent with the dignity of the Flag.

Part III: Hosting/display of the national flag by the central and state government and their organisation.

  • On a public building, it shall be flown all days including Saturday and Sunday except ad provided as in the code, slack be flown from sunrise to sunset.
  • In a procession or parade, it shall be either on the marching right or if there is a line of other flags in time grimy of the centre of the line.
  • Displayed with other countries in a straight line with flags of other countries, the National Flag shall be on the extreme right.
  • Flags of the foreign coteries shall proceed as from the National Flag in alphabetical order based on English versions of the names of the coteries concerned.
  • When the National Flag is displayed against a wall with another flag from crossed staffs the National Flag shall be on the right i.e. the Flag’s own right.
  • Important public buildings such as High court, Secretariat, Commissioner’s office, Collectors, Jails and offices of the district board, Municipalities and Zilla Parisads, and department/ Public sector undertakings.
  • Border customs posts, check post.
  • The official residence of the President, Vice-President, Governors and Lieutenant Governors.

Display on Motor Cars

  1. President
  2. Vice-President
  3. Governors and Lieutenant Governors
  4. Prime Minister and other Cabinet Ministers
  5. Chief Minister and other Cabinet Minister of a state or Union Territory
  6. Speaker of Look Sabha
  7. Chief Justice of India
  8. Chief Justice of the High Court

Half Mast

In the event of the following dignitaries, National Flag shall be half-masted.

Dignitaries Place or Places
President Throughout India
Vice-President Throughout India
Prime Minister Throughout India
Speaker of Look Sabha Delhi
CJI Delhi
Union cabinet Minister Deli and State Capital
Minister of State or Deputy Minister of the Union Delhi
Governor Throughout the State or Union Territory concerned
Let. Governor Throughout the State or Union Territory concerned
Chief Minister of a State Throughout the State or Union Territory concerned
Chief Minister of a Union Territory Throughout the State or Union Territory concerned
Cabinet Minister of a State Capital of the State Concerned

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