WE, THE PEOPLE OF INDIA, having solemnly resolved to constitute India into a SOVEREIGN SOCIALIST SECULAR DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC and to secure to all its citizens
JUSTICE, social, economic and political;
LIBERTY of thought, expression, belief, faith and worship;
EQUALITY of status and opportunity;
and to promote among them all FRATERNITY
assuring the dignity of the individual and the unity and integrity of the Nation;
IN OUR CONSTITUENT ASSEMBLY this 26th day of November 1949, do HEREBY ADOPT, ENACT AND GIVE TO OURSELVES THIS CONSTITUTION.
Sovereign means self-ruling. India declared as a sovereign country i.e. India is not dependent on any other country. In 1949 India became a part of Commonwealth countries with its sovereign status. In 1945, India became a member of the United Nations.
The term was borrowed from the Constitution of USSR and included in the preamble by the 42nd Constitutional Amendment Act of 1976. As a socialist country, the Indian Government enact many laws to achieve the air of social equality, for example, the abolition of Untouchability (Article 17), zamindari, child labour and so on. India regarded as critic socialism.
The term was borrowed from France. The term was included in the preamble by the 42nd Constitutional Amendment Act of 1976. India does not promote any particular religion and it is impartial to all religions.
The word Democratic made up of two Greek words “demos” means people and “Kratos” means system. So democratic means system of people. India is a democratic country that’s why people of India can elect their government representative. Political democracy has been achieved through the Universal Adult Franchise.
The term was adopted from France. India is a republic country. it means it has elected president the head of the states.
The term justice borrowed from USSR. There are three types of justice – social justice, political justice and economic justice. Social justice means all citizen are treated equally without any kind of social discrimination, for example, caste, colour, gender and so on. Political justice means all citizen have the same political rights. Economic justice means citizen should not be discriminated based on their wealth.
The idea of Liberty was taken from the French Revolution (1789–1799). “Liberty” means all countrymen have their freedom of beliefs, faiths and worships.
The idea of Equality was taken from the French Revolution (1789–1799). “Equality” means all individuals irrespective to their political and social status are equal in the eyes of law.
The idea of Fraternity was taken from the French Revolution (1789–1799). “Fraternity’ term increase the brotherhood among the people and assure the dignity of the individual unity and integrity of the nation.
Preamble is the heart and ore of the constitution of IndiaKanaiyalal Maneklal Munshi
Preamble is the introduction of the constitution.Thakur Das Bhargava
Preamble is the sole of the constitution.Thakur Das Bhargava
Preamble is the philosophical key to the constitution.Thakur Das Bhargava
Preamble is the identity card of the constitution.Nanabhoy Palkhivala