Published on August 31, 2020

What is Preamble to the Constitution of India

The preamble is the preface or introductory part of the Indian Constitution. the preamble to a constitution is aimed to embody the fundamental values and the philosophy on which the Constitution is based and the aims and the objectives which the founding fathers enjoyed the polity to strive to achieve.

Important Points on Preamble to the Indian Constitution

  1. The concept of Preamble to the Indian Constitution is taken from the Constitution of the United States.
  2. The preamble was included in the constitution of USA in 1881 AD.
  3. The language of the preamble is taken from the French constitution.
  4. The people of India is the source of the Supreme authority of the constitution.
  5. The inclusion of preamble to the Indian Constitution was the time proposed by Jawaharlal Nehru 13th December 1946.
  6. Initially, according to the preamble, India is a sovereign, democratic, republic.
  7. The preamble was amended only once by the 42nd Constitutional Amendment Act of 1976 and included three more terms- socialist, secular, integrity.
  8. The idea of “Liberty, Equality and Fraternity” was borrowed from the French Revolution.
  9. The term “Justice” is taken from USSR. There is three kind of justice – social, political and economical justice.

The Text of the Preamble


WE, THE PEOPLE OF INDIA, having solemnly resolved to constitute India into a SOVEREIGN SOCIALIST SECULAR DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC and to secure to all its citizens

JUSTICE, social, economic and political;

LIBERTY of thought, expression, belief, faith and worship;

EQUALITY of status and opportunity;

and to promote among them all FRATERNITY

assuring the dignity of the individual and the unity and integrity of the Nation;


Certain Keywords of the Preamble

1. Sovereign

Sovereign means self-ruling. India declared as a sovereign country i.e. India is not dependent on any other country. In 1949 India became a part of Commonwealth countries with its sovereign status. In 1945, India became a member of the United Nations.

2. Socialist

The term was borrowed from the Constitution of USSR and included in the preamble by the 42nd Constitutional Amendment Act of 1976. As a socialist country, the Indian Government enact many laws to achieve the air of social equality, for example, the abolition of Untouchability (Article 17), zamindari, child labour and so on. India regarded as critic socialism.

3. Secular

The term was borrowed from France. The term was included in the preamble by the 42nd Constitutional Amendment Act of 1976. India does not promote any particular religion and it is impartial to all religions.

4. Democratic

The word Democratic made up of two Greek words “demos” means people and “Kratos” means system. So democratic means system of people. India is a democratic country that’s why people of India can elect their government representative. Political democracy has been achieved through the Universal Adult Franchise.

5. Republic

The term was adopted from France. India is a republic country. it means it has elected president the head of the states.

6. Justice

The term justice borrowed from USSR. There are three types of justice – social justice, political justice and economic justice. Social justice means all citizen are treated equally without any kind of social discrimination, for example, caste, colour, gender and so on. Political justice means all citizen have the same political rights. Economic justice means citizen should not be discriminated based on their wealth.

7. Liberty

The idea of Liberty was taken from the French Revolution (1789–1799). “Liberty” means all countrymen have their freedom of beliefs, faiths and worships.

8. Equality

The idea of Equality was taken from the French Revolution (1789–1799). “Equality” means all individuals irrespective to their political and social status are equal in the eyes of law.

9. Fraternity

The idea of Fraternity was taken from the French Revolution (1789–1799). “Fraternity’ term increase the brotherhood among the people and assure the dignity of the individual unity and integrity of the nation.

Some Important Quotes regarding Preamble

Preamble is the heart and ore of the constitution of India

Kanaiyalal Maneklal Munshi

Preamble is the introduction of the constitution.

Thakur Das Bhargava

Preamble is the sole of the constitution.

Thakur Das Bhargava

Preamble is the philosophical key to the constitution.

Thakur Das Bhargava

Preamble is the identity card of the constitution.

Nanabhoy Palkhivala

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