|Place/River/Location||Important Feature / Findings|
|Harappa/ Ravi River/ Montgomery, Sahiwal Dist, Western Punjab, Pakistan||1. In 1921, Harappa was discovered by Dayaram Sahni. It was first discovered site of the Indus Valley Civilisation.
2. Great Granary – Two rows of six granaries.
3. Single room Barracks(labour quarter).
4. A male statue in dancing pose (Nataraj Siva).
5. Direct trade relationship with Mesopotamia.
6. Other Findings – Wooden coffin, a painting showing two antelopes and a hunter, model of bullock cart, bronze mirror.
|Mohenjodaro/ Indus River/ Larkana Dist, Sindh, Pakistan||1. In 1922, Mohenjodaro was discovered by Rakhaldas Banarjee. It was the second discovered site of Indus Valley Civilisation.
2. The local name of Mohenjodaro was ” The Mount of Dead”.
3. One of the largest Indus Centre.
4. Bronze Statue of dancing girl.
5. Great bath for ritual bathing ( stone was not used to make the great Bath).
6. Direct trade contact with Mesopotamia.
7. Multi-pillar Assembly Hall.
8. Temple like structure.
9. Largest number of wells.
10. Image of Unicorn.
11. Mohammedan was destroyed by drawn.
12. Great Granary- considered as the largest building of the Indus Valley Civilisation.
13. Image of Pashupati or Adi Shiva.
14. Statue of a bearded man (Priest king).
(Industrial Town)/ Indus River/ Sindh, Pakistan
|1. In 1930-31, it was first excavated by N. G. Majumdar, later it was further excavated by Ernest Jhon Henry Mackay.
2. Only Indus city with no Citadel excavated.
3. An Ink pot was found.
4. Evidence of lipstick.
5. Evidence of human sacrifice.
6. Other findings – seeds of mustard, foot print of Elephant, Bronze Chariot.
|Mehrgarh (Neolithic Period)/ Kchhi Plain, near Bolan pass/ Baluchistan, Pakistan||1. In 1973-74, it was excavated by jean Francois Jarrige and Catherine Jarrige.
2. Oldest Civilisation of Indian continent.
3. Precursor to the Indus Valley Civilisation.
4. Evidence of Agriculture.
|Sutkagan Dor/ Dasht River/ Baluchistan, Pakistan||1. Westernmost site of Indus Valley Civilisation.|
|Lothal/ Bhogavor, Sabarmati River/ Gujarat, India||1. In 1954, it was discovered by S R Rao.
2. Port City/ Manchester city.
3. It was a important trade centre of Indus Valley Civilisation.
4. Artificial Dockyard.
5. Model of ship.
6. Evidence of rice cultivation.
7. Evidence of double burial- burying a male and female in a single grave.
8. Houses with front entry (houses of all the other cities had back side entry).
9. City was divided into six centres and each of these sectors were raised on a high platform.
10. Scale of measuring 180, 90 and 45 degree angles found.
11. A game similar to the modern day chess , painting of cunning fox, fire alters are found.
12. Evidence of surgery.
|Surkatada / Kutch Region, Gujarat, India||1.This side was discovered by J. P. Joshi.
2. Provided first actual remains of house bones.
|Dholavira/ Khadirbet, Kutch Region, Gujarat, India||1. This site was discovered by S. P. Joshi and R. S Bisht.
2. Figure of chariot tied to a pair of bullocks and driven by nude human.
3. use of rocks of construction.
4. A stadium was found.
5. Evidence of signboard inscription.
4. Only Indus Valley Civilisation divided into 3 parts.
5. Evidence of giant water reservoir ( highly developed water management system), step well ( larger than the Great Bath of Mohenjodaro).
6. Astronomical Observatory was found.
|Kalibangan/ Ghaggar River/Ganganagar Dist, Rajasthan||1. The site was discovered by B. B. Lal.
2. Kalibangan means Black Bangles.
3. Remains of a massive brick wall surrounded both the Citadel and the lower town.
4. Bones of Camel.
5. Plough field( oldest plough field in India).
6. Wooden plough, fire alter was found.
7. Evidence of earthquake and evidence of surgery.
|Manda/ Jammu & Kashmir||1. The side was discovered by J. P Joshi.
2. Northernmost site of Indus Valley Civilisation.
|Algmgirpur/ Hindon River/ Uttar Pradesh||1. Easternmost side of Indus Valley Civilisation.|
|Ropar/ Sutlej River/ Punjab, India||1. After Independence first discovered site of Indus Valley Civilisation in India.
2. Double burial of a man and a dog.
|Daimabad/ Godavari River/Maharashtra||1. Southernmost side of the Indus Valley Civilisation.
2. Four unique Bronze statue of Elephant, Rhino, Buffalo, Chariot.
|Kotdigi/ Sindh Province, Pakistan||Destroyed by fire.|
|Amri/ Sindh Province, Pakistan||1. Remains of Rhino, fire alter.|
|Allahdino/ Sindh Province, Pakistan||1. Small terracotta jar with gold, silver and bronze ornament.|
|Rakhigarhi/ Saraswati River/ Hariyana, India||1. Largest Indus city.
2. A female figure witha pose similar to Bronze Statue of Dancing Girl and double burial of a man and a woman.
|Banawali/ Rangoi and Sutlej River/ Hariyana, India||1. Terracotta plough and a jeweller’s workshop.|