Political activist M. N. Roy first proposed the idea of the constituent assembly in 1934. After one year in 1935, Indian National Congress demanded a separate constitution for Indian people. The nationalist demand for the Constituent Assembly by Indian national Congres was for the first time conceded by the Britsh Government in August Offer, 1940.
The Indian Constitution Assembly was constituted in 1946 through indirect election by provincial legislatures under the provisions of the Cabinet Mission Plan in 1946 with Lord Pethick Lawrence as chairman and two more members Sir Stafford Cripps and A.V. Alexander. The election was based on a communal basis by a single transferrable vote system.
Initially, the Constituent Assembly consisted of 389 members among them 292 members were from the Governor’s Province, 93 members were from the Princely States and 4 members were from Chief Commissioners Provinces. After the Muslim League boycott the first meeting on December 9, 1946, the number of members left in the Constituent Assembly was 299.
|Formation date||6 December 1946|
|Total No. of Sessions||11|
|first Session date||9th December 1946|
|First Temporary or Acting president of CA||Sachchidananda Sinha|
|First elected president of CA||Dr Rajendra Prasad|
|First elected vice president||Harendra Coomar Mookerjee|
|Constitutional Adviser||B. N. Rao|
|Women Member||Sarojini Naidu and Vijaya Laxmi Pandit|
|Persi Member||H. P. Modi|
|Anglo Indian Member||Frank Anthony|
|Total Number of members||389|
|Most important committee||Drafting committee|
|First reading||from 4th to 9th November 1948 at Delhi|
|Second reading||15th November 1948 to 17th October 1949|
|Third & final reading||14th November 1949 and passed on 26th November 1929|
|Came into force||26th January 1950|
|Adopted national flag||22 July 1947|
|Adopted National Anthem||24 January 1950|
1. It ratified India’s membership of the Commonwealth in May 1949.
2. It adopted the national flag on July 22, 1947.
3. It adopted the national anthem Jana Gana Mana on January 24, 1950.
4. It adopted the national song Vande Matram on January 24, 1950.
5. It elected Dr Rajendra Prasad as the first President of India on January 24, 1950.
|Designed by||Pingali Venkayya|
|The ratio between length and breath||3:2|
|Colour combination||Saffron, white and green in descending order and a blue Ashoka Chakra in the middle.|
|No. of spokes in the Ashoka Chakra||24|
|Adopted by Congress||in 1931 at Karachi|
The total number of committees are 22 and each of them performed the different functions.
Drafting committee finished the Draft Constitution of India in February 1948 and the second reading of the same was completed in October 1948. For the third reading of the Constitution was adopted of the constitution, the Assembly met on November 14, 1949, and finished it on November 26, 1946. The constitution was adopted on the same date (26th November 1949) with the members and the president signing the Constitution. The Drafting Committee had 7 members.