Published on August 31, 2020

List of All World Heritage Sites in India


World Heritage sites are the landmarks which are designated by The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) for its historical, cultural and scientific values. It is a part of United Nation established in 1972.

In India, there are 38 World Heritage sites designated by UNESCO.

World Heritage Site Location
Ajanta Caves Aurangabad, Maharastra
Ellora Caves Aurangabad, Maharastra
Elephanta Caves Elephanta Island, Maharastra
Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus Mumbai, Maharastra
The Victorian and Art Deco Ensemble of Mumbai Mumbai, Maharastra
Taj Mahal Agra, Uttar Pradesh
Agra Fort Agra, Uttar Pradesh
Fatehpur Sikri Agra, Uttar Pradesh
Nanda Devi and Valley of Flowers National Parks Uttarakhand
Churches and Convents of Goa Goa
Sundarbans National Park West Bengal
Darjeeling Himalayan Railway Darjeeling, West Bengal
Jaipur City Jaipur, Rajasthan
The Jantar Mantar Jaipur, Rajasthan
Jaisalmer Fort Jaisalmer, Rajasthan
Ranthambore Fort Ranthambore, Rajasthan
Keoladeo National Park Rajasthan
Gagron Fort Gagron, Rajasthan
Amer Fort Amer, Rajasthan
Qutb Minar and its Monuments Delhi
Red Fort Complex Delhi
Humayun’s Tomb, Delhi Delhi
Kalka-Shimla Railway Himachal Pradesh
Great Himalayan National Park Himachal Pradesh
Historic City of Ahmedabad Ahmedabad, Gujarat
Champaner-Pavagadh Archaeological Park Gujarat
Rani ki vav Gujarat
Kaziranga National Park Assam
Manas Wildlife Sanctuary Assam
Agasthyamalai Sub-Cluster of Western Ghat Tamil Nadu
Great Living Chola Temples of Airavateshwarar Darasuram, Tamil Nadu
Anamalai Sub-Cluster of Western Ghat border of Tamil Nadu and Kerala
Great Living Chola Temple of Gangaikonda Cholapuram Tamil Nadu
Group of Monuments at Mahabalipuram Mahabalipuram, Tamil Nadu
Nilgiri Mountain Railway Tamil Nadu
Nilgiri Sub-Cluster of Western Ghat Tamil Nadu
Rani ki vav Patna, Bihar
Mahabodhi Temple Complex at Bodh Gaya Bodh Gaya, Bihar
Khajuraho Group of Monuments Madhya Pradesh
Buddhist Monuments at Sanchi Madhya Pradesh
Rock Shelters of Bhimbetka Madhya Pradesh
Sun Temple, Konârak Puri, Odisha
Hampi Ballari, Karnataka
Group of Monuments at Pattadakal Bagalkot, Karnataka

1. Ajanta Caves

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Fig - Ajanta Caves, CC: Wikipedia

Ajanta caves are the historical rock-cut monument related to Buddhism. This cave is situated in Aurangabad district of Madhyapradesh. There is a total of 30 caves. These cave paintings are an excellent representation of the rich ancient Indian art and culture. These caves are dated back to first to second century BC. Ajanta caves are declared as UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1983.


2. Ellora Caves

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Fig - Ellora Caves, CC: Wikipedia

Ellora caves are magnificent rock-cut monuments situated in the Aurangabad district of Madhyapradesh. There are over one hundred caves among them the main attraction is the Kailash temple which is a monolithic rock-cut sculpture of Lord Shiva. The Hindu dynasty Rastrakuta started to build the cave temple in 600 AD. Ellora caves are declared as UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1983.


3. Agra Fort

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Fig - Agra Fort, CC: Wikipedia

The Diwan-i-Am Agra Fortress is a UNESCO heritage site (since the year 1984) in Uttar Pradesh covering 38 hectares of monuments. Its red sandstone walls are 63 feet high and run over a length of 1.4 miles. Although first mentioned in 1080—thus predating the Taj Maha by 600 years—the foundations of the current fortress were put down in 1565 AD by the Mughal Shah Akbar. His grandson Shah Jahan fitted the interiors of the palace with the famous marble installations. The fortress has its succinct women’s’ quarters—harem—called Jahangir Mahal. The flair of the interiors is based on Persian ornamental motives. An open octagonal pavilion on the top of one of the fortresses keeps, the Musamman Burj, served as the favourite sojourn for the shahs. As the capital Delhi was raided, the Diwan-E-Am was the seat of the peacock throne. A mosque the Moti Masjid is shaped as a Pearl-like structure. It declared as UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1983.


4. Taj Mahal

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Fig - Taj Mahal, CC: Wikipedia

The Taj Mahal is situated on the south bank of river Yamuna in Agra district of Uttar Pradesh. It was built by Mughal emperor Sahajahan as a memorial for his beloved Persian wife Mumtaj Mahal in 1623 AD. This magnificent Mughal architecture is built with white marble stone and it took approximately 20 years to complete this at the cost of 32 million Rupees in today’s (2020) currency. This is listed as a World Heritage Site since 1983.


5. Konark Sun Temple

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Fig - Konark Sun Temple, CC:Wikipedia

The Konark Sun Temple or Surya Mandira is built by the king Narasimhadeva I of Gupta dynasty in 1250 CE. This temple is situated in the coastal city Puri of the State Odisha. The Sun Temple depicts the Kalinga style architecture. It is a major religious site for Hindu people. It is designated as a World Heritage Site in 1984.


6. Group of Monuments at Mahabalipuram

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Fig - Group of Monuments at Mahabalipuram, CC:Wikipedia

It is a cluster of 40 Hindu temples and largest open rock-cut monument situated at Mamallapuram in Tamil Nadu. The monuments were built during the reign of Pallav dynasty. This magnificent monument divided into five categories, Ratha temple, cave temple, Structural temples, Rock reliefs and Excavations. The site was designated as a World Heritage Site in 1984.


7. Kaziranga National Park

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Fig - Kaziranga National Park, CC:Wikipedia

The Kaziranga National Park is one of India’s most outstanding nature reserve enlisted as a World Heritage site since 1985. Located in Assam between the Brahmaputra river in the North and the Karbi Anglong range to the South, it is home to a wide range of protected fauna and flora. Most famous is the Indian rhinoceros as well as tigers, leopards, migratory birds as well as rare reptile and amphibian species. Its wetland character is a secure habitat for rich source biodiversity also in plant life. The protected area straddles the border into Myanmar.


8. Manas National Park

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Fig - Manas National Park, CC: Wikipedia

Also in the state of Assam, the 1100 sq. mile large Manas biosphere reserve can be found. It is located at the mouth of the river Manas—which arises in the Himalayan state of Bhutan—and the Brahmaputra at an altitude of just 300 feet. This wildlife sanctuary is most known for its diverse vegetation, birdlife, wild elephants and wildlife. Manas National Park is declared as UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1992.


9. Keoladeo National Park

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Fig - Keoladeo National Park, CC:Wikipedia

Keoladeo National Park is spread across 11.2 square miles in the west tarn part of Rajasthan in Bharatpur district. Its previous name was Bharatpur Bird Sanctuary. It is home to more than 230 bird species. Moreover, it has other flora and fauna species. Some of its areas are wetland that’s why it was declared as a Ramsar site in 1981. It was declared as a wildlife sanctuary as well as a World Heritage Site in 1971.


10. Churches and convents of Goa

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Fig - Churches and convents of Goa, CC:Wikipedia

Churches and Convents of Old Goa are situated in Goa Velha of Goa consists of a cluster of religious monuments during 16th and 17th century, to spread Catholicism in India. The name was given by UNESCO and declared as a World Heritage Site preserved and conserved by Archeological Survey of India. “Church of Our Lady of the Rosary” is the oldest Church of Goa consists of Manueline vaults of Chapels signifies dissemination of Western art forms- the Manueline styles, Mannerist and Baroque that illustrate the work of evangelization. Other Churches like SeCathadral, Basilica of Bom Jesus, church and convent of St. Francis of Assis, the church of St. Augustine and St. Cajetan church are worthly mentioning that brings the modern era.


11. Khajuraho Group of Monuments

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Fig - Khajuraho Group of Monuments, CC:Wikipedia

Khajuraho Group of Monuments is situated in Chhatarpur district of Madhya Pradesh. It was built by the Chandela dynasty of Madhya Pradesh. This glorious architecture symbolized the Nagara style and erotic sculpture. This site consisted of approx 80 temples, among them only 25 temples still standing at present. These monuments are dedicated to Hinduism and Jainism. Khajuraho Group of Monuments recognized as a World Heritage Site in 1986.


12. Group of Monuments at Hampi

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Fig - Group of Monuments at Hampi, CC:Wikipedia

Group of Monuments at Hampi is a UNESCO World Heritage Site since 1986. It is located in the historical city Humpi on the bank of river Tungabhadra in Ballari district of Karnataka. Once the Hampi was the capital of the Vijayanagara Empire. The monuments are dedicated to Hindu religion and it shows the Vijayanagara architectural style.


13. Fatehpur Sikri, Agra

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Fig - Fatehpur Sikri, CC:Wikipedia

Fatehpur Sikri is a historical city which is situated in Agra, Uttar Pradesh. It was, in fact, the first planned city of Mughals, served as the capital from 1571 to 1585. It was founded by the Mughal emperor Akbar in the 16th century. Fatehpur Sikri consists of some major architectural monuments, for example, Buland Darwaza or the Gate of Victory, Jama Masjid, Diwan-i-Aam, Diwan-i-Khas and so on. Fatehpur Sikri was recognized as a World Heritage Site in 1986.


14. Group of Monuments at Pattadakal

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Fig - Group of Monuments at Pattadakal, CC:Wikipedia

Group of Monuments at Pattadakal is located in the historical city Humpi on the west bank of the Malaprabha River in Bagalakote district of Karnataka. The monuments were built by Vijayaditya Satyasraya of Chalukya dynasty in 697-733 century AD. Both the Dravida style, the Nagara style architecture can be seen in Pattadakal temples. Group of Monuments at Pattadakal is a UNESCO World Heritage site since 1987.


15. Elephanta Caves

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Fig - Elephanta Caves, CC:Wikipedia

Elephanta Caves are situated on Elephanta Island in Mumbai Harbour, is actually a collection of cave temples dedicated to Hindu God Shiva. Portuguese named this island after it’s huge elephant statue and the island is recently under the supervision of UNESCO. The caves are hewn from solid basalt rock-cut sculptures which give a prominent idea about medieval Hindu mythology, literature and spiritual ideas on Vedic texts i,e. Rudra and Shiva with Trimurti Sadashiva, Nataraja and Yogishvara sculptures. There are five rock-cut caves and a brick stupa. The Eastern hill has two Buddhist mounds and The Great Cave(Cave1) is mostly visited. According to the Archeological Survey of India and UNESCO, the cave temples were built between 5th and 6th century during Gupta and Kalachuri dynasties.


16. Great Living Chola Temples

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Fig - Great Living Chola Temples, CC:Wikipedia

Great Living Chola Temples are the Hindu temples built by the Chola kings during 11th to 12th century CE. The temples are mainly situated in three places Darasuram, Thanjavur and Gangaikonda Cholapuram in Tamil Nadu. The temples are an excellent example of Dravidian architecture. The first Chola temple in Thanjavur was Brihadisvara temple which was built by Raja Raja Chola I between 1003 and 1010 AD. Airavatesvara temple was built by Rajaraja II around 1150 AD. and the last Gangaikonda Cholapuram Temple was built by Rajendra Chola I in 1035 AD.


17. Sundarbans

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Fig - Sundarbans, CC: Wikipedia

Sundarban National Park is situated in worlds largest Ganga, Brahmaputra delta region. It has the world’s largest mangrove forest and rich in biodiversity. It is the home of the maximum number of Bengal tiger in India. Sundarban is Declared as a UNESCO World Heritage Site as well as Ramsar site in 1987 and 2019 respectively. In addition, it designated as a biosphere reserve in West Bengal. The total area of Sundarban is 1330.10 sq. km. As it is is the delta region t sustains both marines, beath and terrestrial ecosystem and home of many endangered species.


18. Nanda Devi and Valley of Flowers National Parks

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Fig - Nanda Devi and Valley of Flowers National Parks, CC:Wikipedia

Nanda Devi National Park and Valley of Flower National Park both are declared as World Heritage Site in 1988. They are situated in the high altitude of the Himalayan region of Uttarakhand. They are only 25 kilometres apart from each other. These national parks exhibit rich biodiversity of species and home and many endangered flora and fauna such as Asiatic black bear, snow leopard, musk dear and so on. Nanda Devi National Park is named after the Indian’s second-highest mountain Nanda Devi situated in Uttarakhand. The Valley of Flower National Park is symbolised for its flower species which blooms every year after the meltdown of the snow in this region. These parks are far away from the human habitats that’s why fewer humans wild conflict can be seen.


19. Sanchi Stupa

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Fig - Sanchi Stupa, CC:Wikipedia

Sanchi is situated in Sanchi Town of Madhya Pradesh. It comprises a series of Buddhist monuments starting from Mauryan Empire (3rd Century BCE) including Gupta Empire (5th Century CE) and ending in 12th Century CE. The oldest and largest monument The Great Stupa was built under Mauryas situated here, is an important monument of Indian Architecture. Sanchi encompasses most of the evolutions of ancient Indian and Buddhist architecture. Simultaneously, various temple structure built down to the Gupta period. Here, famous stupas like Satdhara, Bhojpur and Andher as well as Sonari and SaruMaru was constructed. Stupa1 has a large number of Brahmi inscriptions and are of great historical significances. All these famous Sanchi stupas are now under the care of UNESCO Heritage.


20. Humayun’s Tomb

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Fig - Humayun’s Tomb, CC:Wikipedia

In 1596-70, Humayun’s Tomb was built in the memory of Mughal Emperor Humayun after his death by his first wife Bega Begum. It is situated in Nizamuddin East, near Yamuna river, Delhi. It was the first garden-tomb and brings a new era in Mughal Architecture made by the two Persian Architects. Its height is 47meters and plinth is 91meters. It is the first Indian building to use the Persian Double Dome on a high neck drum. The outer layer of the dome has white marble and interior gives a shape of the cavernous inner volume. Rest building is made of Red and Yellow Sandstone, White and Black Marble. The central chamber contains a Shamiana, a small tent above the Cenotaph covered with a pure white sheet and copies of Quaran in front along with Humayun’s sword, turban and shoes. The tomb is now under the supervision of UNESCO World Heritage site.


21. Qutb Minar complex

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Fig - Qutb Minar complex, CC:Wikipedia

In 1199, Qutubuddin Aibak started the construction of Qutub Minar but it was completed by Shamsuddin Iltutamish. It was actually a minaret and “victory tower” situated in Mehrauli, Delhi. It is a six-storey tower having 379steps spiral staircase. It is 73meters tall with a base diameter of 14.3meters and top diameter 2.7meters. The surface of the tower is elaborately decorated with inscriptions and geometric patterns. The lowest of the three stories comprised of cylindrical shafts of pale red sandstone, separated by flanges and balcony. Fourth storied is made of plain marble and fifth with marble and sandstone. The flanges are made with darker red sandstone throughout and Quranic texts r engraved with decorative elements. This Qutub complex is now a part of the UNESCO World Heritage site.


22. Mountain railways of India

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Fig - Mountain railways of India, CC:Wikipedia

The Mountain Railway of India constitues three railway lines i,e. Darjeeling Himalayan Railway, Nilgiri Mountain Railway and Kalka-Shimla Railway. In 1999,Darjeeling Himalayan Railway also known as “Toy Train” has been taken under UNESCO for the continuation of Steam locomotive. It tracks between Siliguri (100mt) upto Darjeeling (2200mt) and Ghoom(2300mt) is its highest elevated station. Trains here are powered by steam engines. In July 2005,Nilgiri Mountain Railway considered under UNESCO due to its rock pinion technology. This railway connects Mettupalayam with Udagamandalam. The track within Tamil Nadu through Nilgiri Hills (Blue Mountains) and uses an Abt rack system which requires the use of special steam locomotives. The line contains 208curves, 16tunnels and 250bridges and passes through the longest tunnel of 97mt. In 2008, Kalka-Shimla Railway was put under UNESCO because it connects Nilgiri and Darjeeling lines. It runs between Kalka and Shimla(7234ft). It through 103tunnels and 864bridges in Shiwalik hills. The longest tunnel is Barog Tunnel(1144mt). There are some more mountain railways like Matheran Hill Railway, Kangra Valley Railway, Lumding-Badarpur Railway, Jammu-Baramulla section and Proposed Railways, which are on the tentative list of UNESCO to be within Mountain Railways of India.


23. Mahabodhi Temple

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Fig - Mahabodhi Temple, CC:Wikipedia

Mahabodhi Temple was made by Devpala, in Bodh Gaya to make the location remarkable where Buddha attained enlightenment. The site has a Peepul tree know as Bodhi Tree where Gautam Buddha completed his meditation in the first week of his enlightenment. It is one of the major pilgrimage destinations for Hindus and Buddhist for two thousand years back. Elements present in the temple are from the period of Ashok which have now been shifted to museum beside the temple also some carved stone railing works are replaced by replicas. The main Temple’s survival is especially impressive as it was mostly made of brick covered with Stucco material, much less durable than stone. The architecture here influences Pagoda or Buddhist form of architecture. Maximum portions of Temple is now repaired and rebuild by UNESCO World Heritage site.


24. Bhimbetka rock shelters

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Fig - Bhimbetka rock shelters, CC: Wikipedia

Bhimbetka Rock Shelters are situated in Madhya Pradesh ranging between Vindhya and Satpura hills contain World’s oldest stone walls and floors. The caves of Bhimbetka contains a large number of oldest paintings from 10,000 years back since the medieval period. Vegetable colours were used to draw inside the cave’s inner walls. The paintings are classified largely into two groups, one as a depiction of hunters and food gathers while another one as a fighter, riding on horse and elephant carrying metal weapons. Of all the shelters, the auditorium cave is the largest and significant one, surrounded by Quartzite towers. Bhimbetka contains a group of 750rock shelters and prominently gives us an idea about the continuous human settlement from the Stone age to Mesolithic until 2nd Century BCE. It is now a property of the UNESCO World Heritage site.


25. Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus

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Fig - Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus, CC: Wikipedia

The Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus is a British colonial period building in Mumbai dating back to the year 1888—built by F.W. Stevens in the Victorian Gothic Style with some Indian elements. With 3 Million commuters using this terminus daily, it is the most frequented station-building in India. As of 2004 the building and its surroundings are enlisted as a UNESCO heritage site.


26. Champaner-Pavagadh Archaeological Park

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Fig - Champaner-Pavagadh Archaeological Park, CC:Wikipedia

Champaner-Pavagadh Archeological Park is located in Champaner, Gujrat founded by Vanraj Chavda, during 8thCentury. The park spread over an area more than 1329 hectares with additional 2812 hectares buffer zone. It contains 114 living cultural heritage monuments like Chalcolithic sites, a hill fortress, palaces, mosque, tombs and temples like Kalika Mata Temple, which gives us an idea about Hindu Shrine in religion and archaeological history. Hindu and Muslim culture and architecture has been documented in the Park particularly the early Islamic and Pre-Mughal cities remain unchanged and recently under the UNESCO World Heritage Site since, 2004.


27. Red Fort

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Fig - Red Fort, CC:Wikipedia

On 12th May 1638, Mughal emperor Shah Jahan started the construction of Red Fort in Agra near river Yamuna. From its red sandstone walls, the name Red Fort was given. But it is also known as “Blessed Fort”. The imperial apartments have a row of Pavilions, connected by a water channel, Nahr-i-Bihisht, which had a fusion of Persian, Timurid and Hindu traditional architecture. The buildings had precious marble structures and jewels designed by Ustad Ahmed Lahori. Red Fort has been constructed within an area of 254.67acres enclosed by 2.41kilometers defensive walls of height 33meters. The architecture of Red Fort synthesises Persian, European and Indian art nowadays know as unique Shahjahani style rich in form, colour and expression. Inside the fort, there is a showcase containing high-level ornamentation and the Kohinoor diamond. All these are now looked by UNESCO World Heritage site.


28. Jantar Mantar, Jaipur

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Fig - Jantar Mantar, Jaipur, CC:Wikipedia

During the 18th century, Maharaja Jai Singh II constructed five Jantar Mantar in New Delhi, Jaipur, Ujjain, Mathura and Varanasi among which the Jantar Mantar of Jaipur is the largest one. It is a UNESCO World Heritage site. It is actually an observatory and contains various astronomical instruments like Samrat Yantra, Jai Prakash, Ram Yantra etc. to observe sun, moon and planets. World’s largest stone sundial ‘The Vrihat Samrat Yantra’ has been kept here which measures time, depending on the movement of the sun. The name Jantar Mantar came from the two words, Jantar meaning instrument and Mantar meaning calculate.


29. Western Ghats

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Fig - Western Ghats, CC: Wikipedia

Parallel to the Western Coast of Indian Peninsula, The Western Ghats or Sahyadri range of mountains stretches about 140000 square kilometres. It includes parts of Kerala, Tamil Nadu, Karnataka, Goa, Maharastra and Gujarat. This is one of the eight “hottest hot-spots” of Biological Diversity in the World and hence are included inside UNESCO World Heritage sites. It includes 7402 flowering plant and 1814 non-flowering plant species, 139 mammal, 508 birds, 179 amphibian, 6000 insect and 290 freshwater fish species. Two biosphere reserves, thirteen National parks, several Wildlife sanctuaries and Reserve forests are made to preserve 80% of total species that are globally threatened. The rainfall here is very high around 400 cm and tropical-subtropical forests are common which yield a huge amount of teak and medicinal plants.


30. Hill Forts of Rajasthan

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Fig - Hill Forts of Rajasthan, CC:Wikipedia

Between 5th and 18th century CE, by several Rajput kings of different kingdoms, six Forts were built in Aravalli Range of Rajasthan. Togetherly these forts are known as “Hill Forts of Rajasthan”. The six forts are Chittor Fort, Kumbhalgarh Fort, Ranthambhore Fort, Gagron Fort, Amer Fort and Jaisalmer Fort. All these forts highlight the culture and Rajput Military Architecture. They were not designed for Urban settlement. Mehrangarh although situated on a hilltop, has a fortified citadel for the court which lacked an urban settlement for the civilians. The Hill Forts of Rajasthan are now under UNESCO World Heritage site.


31. Rani ki vav (The Queen’s Stepwell)

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Fig - Rani ki vav (The Queen’s Stepwell) , CC:Wikipedia

Rani Ki Vav is a stepwell constructed by the Queen of 11th century, Udayamati on the memorial of her husband Bhima I in the town of Patna near river Saraswati. It shows more than 500 principal sculptures and 1000 minor ones combine religious, mythological and secular imaginary. Since 2014, it has been listed under the UNESCO World Heritage site. The stepwell is divided into seven levels of stairs with Sculptural panels and has been designed like an inverted temple high lighting the sanctity of water. It measures approx 65 meters long, 20 meters wide and 28 meters deep. The walls, pillars, beams and brackets are ornamented with beautiful and dedicate figures and sculptures. Animal figure- sculptures of horses, elephants and lions are also used in pillars and basement mouldings.


32. Great Himalayan National Park

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Fig - Great Himalayan National Park, CC: Wikipedia

The Great Himalayan National Park was established in 1984 in Kullu, Himachal Pradesh extended over 1171sq.kms. It is an altitude ranging between 1500 and 6000mt., containing a habitat of flora (375species) and fauna(379species). It is protected under the strict guidelines of the Wildlife Protection Act 1972, and hunting is prohibited here. As a result of its 4100mt elevation range, the Park has a diversity of zones like Alpine, Glacial, Temperate and Subtropical forests. Here Bluesheep, Snow leopard, Himalayan brown bear, Himalayan tahr and Musk deer are conserved which controls the altitude ecosystem along with Horse chestnut of the lower valley, alpine herbs, junipers, alpine meadows of Subalpine region. From June 2014 the Park has been taken under UNESCO World Heritage site.


33. Archaeological Site of Nalanda Mahavihara at Nalanda, Bihar

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Fig - Archaeological Site of Nalanda Mahavihara at Nalanda, Bihar, CC: Wikipedia

Nalanda is a monumental historic Buddhist heritage site comprising 11 excavated viharas and 14 temples dating back to 300 BCE in the state of Bihar. Until the incursions by Muslim warriors from central Asia in 1300 AD, Nalanda served as a Monastery similar to the ancient Buddhist heritage sites in Myanmar, Laos, Indonesia and Sri Lanka, for which Nalanda is thought to be the prototype. Upon independence, the Indian government decided to revive Nalanda as a Buddhist spiritual centre. Today Nalanda is the site of a Buddhist university serving also the Buddhist Tibetian exile community.


34. Khangchendzonga National Park

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Fig - Khangchendzonga National Park, CC: Wikipedia

Khangchndzonga National Park is a Biosphere reserve as well, located in Sikkim, is the first “Mixed Heritage” site of India. The park gets its name from Kangchenjunga peak. It occupied an area of 849.50sq.kms. at an elevation of 1829mt over 8550mt. As it suffers a heavy snowfall during winter, the vegetation includes temperate broadleaf and mixed forests of Oak, Fir, Willow etc. along with Alpine grasses and shrubs. This place is rich in medicinal plants. Mammals like Snow Leopard, Serow, Himalayan Tahr, Sloth bear etc. and reptiles like Rat snake and Russell’s viper are seen here. Nowadays here Asiatic Wild Dog has become very rare. About 550species of birds like the Himalayan griffon, Green and Snow pigeon, Sunbird etc. have been conserved. From July 2016, the Park is taken under UNESCO World Heritage site.


35. The Architectural Work Of Le Corbusier

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Fig - The Architectural Work Of Le Corbusier, CC: Wikipedia

Charles-Édouard Jeanneret alias Le Corbusier (1887-1965) was a Swiss pioneering architect, who arrived in the 1950ies in independent India. At this time the Indian moiety of the partitioned state of Punjab was looking for a modernistic design for its new capital. PN Thapar, the Chief administrator of Punjab and his chief Engineer PN Varma sought assistance from the British-German urban planner Otto Koenigsberger in London, who recommended Le Corbusier as the best candidate for this task. In 1951 Le Corbusier and his cousin Pierre Jeanneret began to execute the Chandigarh project designing the Capitol Complex, the city centre, and the Museum site. Akin to the Centre Pompidou in Paris, the Chandigarh buildings he designed mirrored the typical modernist architecture grafted into the more arid Indian province including his love for the detail in terms of sculptures associated with each building. The characteristic of le Corbusier’s buildings is the multiple —by times tilted—box-shaped design, which can also be seen in the follow-up project to Chandigarh the Mill Owner’s Association Building in Ahmedabad.


36. Historic City of Ahmedabad

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Fig - Historic City of Ahmedabad, CC: Wikipedia

In 1411 Ahmed Saha I of Gujarat Sultanate founded the Historic city of Ahmedabad on the riverbank of Sabarmati. It was the capital of Gujarat sultanate and afterwards became an important political and commercial centre and serves the symbolic heart of Metropolitan Ahmedabad. Since July 2017, it is inscribed under UNESCO World Heritage city. The Forts are square and enclose 3 acres area. The Bhadra citadel here signifies Hindu and Jain cultures. The urban fabric is made up of densely-packed traditional houses (pols) in gated traditional streets (puras) with characteristic features such as bird feeders, public wells and religious institutions.


37. The Victorian and Art Deco Ensemble of Mumbai

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Fig - The Victorian and Art Deco Ensemble of Mumbai, CC: Wikipedia

The collection of 19th century Victorian Neo Gothic public buildings and 20th century Art Deco buildings in the Fort area of Maharashtra constitutes The Victorian Gothic and Art Deco Ensembles of Mumbai. On 30th June 2018, it was taken under UNESCO world Heritage site. These collections are set around the Oval Maidan, a large recreational ground that was once known as Esplanade. Bombay High court, Rajabai Clock tower, Eros Cinema and the University of Mumbai are the buildings that are taken inside the Esplanade.


38. Jaipur City

 Jaipur.webp
Fig - Jaipur, CC: Wikipedia

On 18th November 1727, Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh II founded the city Jaipur. Many amazing monuments like Hawa Mahal, Jal Mahal, City Palace, Amer Fort, Jantar Mantar, Nahargarh Fort and Jaigarh Fort are present here. Thus from 6th July 2019, this place has been taken under UNESCO World Heritage Site. Jaipur experiences extremely hot summers and warm winters. The rainfall here is very low around 60cm. Sisodiya Rani Bagh and Kanak Vrindavan are the major parks and Raj Mandir is a notable cinema hall. The Jaipur gharana of Kathak is one of the significant Indian classical dance forms. Jaipur zoo attracts a number of tourists because of its peculiar animals that can survive in such a tough climate like Ghariyal, Jaipurian Jaguars, Baboon, Black Buck, Peacock etc. around 50 species./p>

List of All World Heritage Sites in India

List of All World Heritage Sites in India


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