Published on September 2, 2020

Human Development Report (HDR)



United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) publish the Human Development Report (HDR) every year since 1990. This was started by Pakistani economist Mahbub ul Haq and Indian economist Amartya Sen ( got Nobel prize in 1998).

Human Development Report 2019

2019 Human Development Ranking

The report was 27th HDR. In this report the 189 countries are divided into 4 groups

  1. Very High Human Development
  • HDI value 0.800 and above.
  • 62 countries are under this category

HDI rank

CountryHDI Value
15.United Kingdom, United States0.920
49.Russian Federation0.824
Some Very High Human Development Countries

2. High Human Development

  • HDI lies between 0.700 and 0.799.
  • 54 countries are under this category
HDI rankCountryHDI Value
71.Sri Lanka0.780
79.Brazil, Colombia0.761
113.South Africa0.705
Some High Human Development Countries

3. Medium Human Development

  • HDI value lies between 0.550 and 0.699.
  • 37 countries are in this category.
HDI rankCountryHDI Value
147.Kenya, Nepal0.579
HDI ranking of India and its neighbour countries

4. Low Human Development

  • HDI value is below 0.550.
  • 36 countries are under this category.
HDI rankCountryHDI Value
188.The central African Republic0.381

Some Low Human Development Country

Some Important Facts About the 2019 HDR

  • As per the 2019’s report, South Asia is the fastest-growing region.
  • During 1990- 2018, India’s HDI value has increased by 50% from 0.431 to 0.647.
  • 27.1 Cr. Indians are lifted out of poverty from 2005-06 to 2015-16.
  • Among 189 nations, 187 nations belong to the United Nations and the remaining two countries (Hong Kong, Palestine) are not members of the UN.
  • Planning Commission of India published the national Development Report 2001 for the first time on 27th March 2002. Under the prime ministership of Atal Bihari Vajpayee ( also the chairman of the Planning Commission.
  • In 2018 India’s ranking was 130 in HDI and value was 0.640.
  • In 2019, India’s ranking was 129 with HDI value 0.647, life expectancy 69.4 years, expected year of schooling 12.3 years, the minimum year of schooling 6.5 years and Gross National income per capita $6829.

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