Published on September 1, 2020

Green Revolution in India


Green Revolution in India is regarded as technological reform in Indian agriculture. It was started in Kharif Season of 1966 or annual plan or plan holiday. Although the Green Revolution was started in Third Five-Year Plans. It was most successful during the Sixth Five-Year Plans or 80’s decade.

M. S. Swaminathan was the father of the Green Revolution in India. Nobel laureate American agronomist Norman Borlaug was the father of the Green Revolution.

Salient Features

  • Green Revolution was a package program seed-water-fertiliser-technology.
  • Seed means high yielding variety seeds(HYVS).
  • Water means irrigation.
  • Fertiliser means chemical fertiliser.
  • Technology means chemical fertiliser.

Impact of Green Revolution in India

  • Wheat production increased remarkably (wheat revolution).
  • Soil health decreased for excessive use of chemical fertiliser.
  • Groundwater level decreased for excessive use of irrigation.
  • Inter-regional disparity increased as all states and small farmers failed to start the Green Revolution.
  • Large capitalistic farmers were benefited.
  • In the 1970s the sell of tractors was increased due to the Green Revolution.

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