Published on August 31, 2020

Additional Information About the Vedic Age


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Important Terminology

TermMeaning
KulaFamily
GramaniChief of the village
GrihapatiHead of the family
VisAn aggregate of village
JanaTribe
RajanChief of the tribe
Sabha and SamitiPolitical assembly
Bratya and NishadaTwo important communities
SutradharCarpenter
PaniTrader
BaliType of tax
Mana and NishkaCurrency
BrihiPaddy
GodhumWheat
SataanitraA type of boat driven by 100 boatmen.
NigamTrade guide
AyasCopper
PurFort
GopaTribal king
GotraKinship
DuhitriDaughter
GodhuliMeasure of time
GavistiIn search of Cow
GomatWealthy man
Hala, SiraPlough
KrishtiPeople
Krishna AyasIron

Important Rig Vedic Gods


NameGod of
IndraRain and Thunder
AgniFire
VarunaUniverse and Morality
SomaPlant
MarutStorm
DyausHeaven
SavitriLight
AditiMother of God
UshaDawn
RudraDestruction

Four Stages of Life

  • The Danish East India Company was established in 1616 under King Christian IV.
  • They established settlements at Serampur (Bengal) and Tranqueber (Tamil Nadu).
  • They sold their settlements to the English 1845.
  • Thir business activities confined almost exclusively in China.

French (1741 – 1954)

  1. Brahmacarya – Student life.
  2. Garhasthya – Married life and lead a family.
  3. Vanaprastha – Life of service to others.
  4. Sannyasa – Forest life.

Tribal Assemblies

NameNo. of Times Appear in Rig VedaPurposeParticipants
Vidatha122secular, religious and military.women can also participate
Sabha8political, administrative and judicial.elders
Samiti6political, administrative. common people
GanaIndo-Aryan leaders.
Parishadmilitarypart by matriarchal and partly patriarchal.

Rivers

1.Brahmaa duty dowered girl to a man of the same class.
2.Daivamarriage with a sacrificial priest as part of his fee.
3.ArsaDowry marriage.
4.Prajapatimarriage without Dowry.
5.Gandharvaconsent marriage.
6.Asurathe bride was bought from her father.
7.Rakshasaforceful marriage.
8.paishachaseduction of a girl while asleep.

Important Words Appear In Rig Veda

Sl No.Name of the wordNo. of Times Appear in Rig Veda
1.Om1028
2.Vis171
3.Jana275
4.Brahmana14
5.Kshatriya9
6.Sudra1
7.Vaishya1
8.Rajya1
9.Kulapa1
10.Ganga1
11.Yamuna3
12.Gau176
13.Samudra1

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A Complete Account of Vedic Age (1500-600 BC)

Advent Of The Europeans in India

The Indus Valley Civilisation (2300-1750 BC)

Later Mughal Age (1707-1858)

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